SEXUAL ASSAULT KITS
Also see Child Abuse Policy E-8-3
|Impounding Officer Procedure||Evidence Officer Procedure||Disposal||Policy E-8-5 Investigation of Sexual Assault Crimes||Policy E-8-13 Collecting Evidence for a Sexual Assault Case|
Biological evidence associated with the body of a sexual assault victim needs special attention. The victim needs to be transported to a medical facility for a sexual assault examination. This should be done as expeditiously as possible in order to preserve what remains of the biological evidence and to document any physical trauma. Consider having photographs taken of any physical trauma, as well. Attending medical personnel should collect the appropriate evidence by using the Sexual Assault Evidence Kit provided to them by the Oregon State Police Forensic Services Division.
In general, if more than 72 hours has elapsed from the time of the sexual assault to the time of the medical examination, the chances of finding semen evidence in the body of a living victim are greatly diminished. However, it may be prudent to collect a sexual assault kit if you have any doubts or concerns. This time range does not apply to deceased victims; it is recommended that you collected a sexual assault evidence kit from deceased victims regardless of the elapse time.
Bathing, showering, and douching by the victim does not necessarily eliminate the possibility of finding semen evidence in body cavities, so collect a sexual assault kit even under these circumstances. Showering or bathing will, however, eliminate saliva, semen, and trace evidence deposited on the exterior of the body. Check drains if the victim has showered or bathed.
Undergarments, worn by the victim during and/or immediately after the assault, are also good sources for collecting semen evidence. Package each clothing item separately to avoid cross-contamination.
Refer to hair collection
IMPOUNDING OFFICER PROCEDURES
******CAUTION****** AIDS has a short life span when exposed to air. However, HEPATITIS can live for years in the open air. Hepatitis contaminated evidence has been frozen and thawed years later. The virus was shown to still be alive. DO NOT TAKE CHANCES. ALWAYS USE GLOVES AND WHEN POSSIBLE, FACE PROTECTION.
Ensure that all necessary items have been air-dried.
Ensure all paper work has been completed once medical staff finishes the sexual assault kit.
After medical staff seals the sexual assault kit, DO NOT open it.
Place a completed evidence label on the outside of the package.
Any associated paperwork from the hospital that was not placed in the kit, must be submitted as a separate line item on the property evidence report.
Place the kit into lockable container in evidence locker #1, (the refrigerator).
Complete the property-evidence report.
Place the property-evidence report (yellow & green copies) in the property-evidence basket in the Evidence Processing Room.
If submitting to the State Crime Laboratory then insure a copy of your report is attached to the laboratory request form.
EVIDENCE OFFICER PROCEDURES
Ensure proper packaging; refer to example board in the evidence processing areas.
Place one barcode on the item and the corresponding barcode on the property receipt.
All sexual assault kits are to be stored in the refrigerator, unless instructed otherwise but the State Crime Lab. When in doubt please contact the Crime Lab for instructions on storage.
Using the barcode reader, scan the bin location within the refrigerator and then scan the barcode affixed to the item.
Place the item in numerical order by case number.
Never store liquid blood tubes in the freezer. These must be refrigerated.
Upon authorization or disposition of the case, see ĎGeneral Disposition of Items.'